Growing marijuana is a fantastic idea for any weed lover, but you’ll need to know the Canada marijuana growing laws in 2019. Each province sets its own guidelines when it comes to marijuana laws. Growing is illegal in Quebec and Manitoba, and while most other provinces allow you to grow your own weed freely, there are still certain rules to abide by.
In legal states, you’ll be able to grow weed either indoors or outdoors. It’s a cost-effective way to enjoy weed as you can get huge yields for the cost of some seeds and growing equipment. The process will generally take around 3-6 months depending on how you choose to grow.
If you don’t mind investing some time and money into a grow operation, it can be a hugely rewarding project. You can enjoy all kinds of homegrown marijuana strains and even plant more. With that said, here’s a guide to Canada marijuana growing laws 2019.
Canada Marijuana Laws 2019
Before we delve into growing laws, it helps to know some of the general laws around cannabis, who can have it, and how you can use it. Canada cannabis laws have certain restrictions on age, possession, and who you can provide weed to. Laws can vary slightly from province to province, although certain laws are the same across Canada.
As for the legal age, you must be 19 years of age or older to buy and use marijuana in the majority of provinces and territories. There are two exceptions to this. Both Alberta and Quebec set a lower legal age of 18, so you can purchase and possess cannabis as soon as you become an adult.
Every state allows you to publicly possess up to 30 grams of dried cannabis in public. While this refers to flower products, there are different possession limits for different kinds of products. These are as follows:
- 150 grams of fresh cannabis
- 450 grams of edibles
- 2100 grams of liquid cannabis products (eg. tinctures)
- 7.5 grams of concentrates (solid or liquid)
- 30 cannabis plant seeds
Cannabis is treated in much the same way as alcohol when it comes to public possession. If you have marijuana products with you in the car, they should be out of reach and in a closed container.
All provinces allow you to use marijuana in a private residence or property providing it is not restricted by the landlord. Certain provinces also allow you to smoke in certain public places where tobacco is allowed.
There are still a few criminal penalties related to marijuana. Possession over the limit can result in a ticket or up to 5 years in jail for higher amounts. Distribution or sale without a license is a severe criminal offense that can result in up to 14 years in jail. Providing marijuana to a minor (even it is given for free) is also punishable by up to 14 years in jail. You must also not take cannabis across the Canada border or produce cannabis beyond personal cultivation limits.
Canada Marijuana Growing Laws 2019
Canada now allows residents of legal age to grow their own marijuana. However, there are still specific laws related to growing it. Canada marijuana growing laws vary slightly from province to province and growing is still illegal in Quebec and Manitoba. Nunavut has unique laws where the legalities of growing vary depending on the specific territory.
In every province and territory where it is legal to grow, you can grow up to four active plants per residence at a time. It’s illegal to go beyond this limit and you can only plant more when one dies. You can choose to grow either indoors or outdoors.
When you grow outdoors, you must keep your marijuana out of public view. New Brunswick has a law which states that your plants must be kept in a locked enclosure at least 1.52 meters in height. It’s best to build some kind of enclosure such as a fence or cage around your plants as this will stop animals or children from reaching them.
When you grow indoors, you should also keep marijuana plants out of public sight and safe. You may wish to use a lockable grow room or grow box to grow your plants. Your marijuana plants must also be kept safely out of reach of children.
You’re able to keep all of the marijuana you grow and harvest at home. It’s best to keep your marijuana in a safe, locked space and always ensure it is out of reach of children.
You can use the marijuana you grow for personal use or share up to 30 grams of dried cannabis with a friend. However, you must not sell any of the marijuana you grow. Only licensed sellers are legally able to sell marijuana products, and illegal sale is a criminal offense punishable by up to 14 years of jail time.
What You Need To Grow Marijuana
If you plan to grow marijuana, there are a few things you’ll need first. Naturally, you’ll need seeds and seedlings. You’ll also need certain nutrients and equipment. What you need specifically can depend on whether you grow indoors or outdoors, but here are the basics.
First of all, you’ll need seeds or seedlings. These can be bought in marijuana stores or online. You can get seeds for all of your favorite strains. Seeds come in a few different types. Regular cannabis seeds are best avoided, whereas feminized seeds are preferred by growers. Autoflowering seeds are also useful for those who want their marijuana plants to grow faster.
It’s also important to feed nutrients to your plants when you’re growing. Plants need nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and calcium. You can mix these nutrients into water and add the mixture into the soil you use to grow. Some shops also sell super soil, which is nutrient-enriched soil designed for marijuana growing.
Indoor growers will need quite a bit of technical equipment. For a start, you’ll need a grow box or grow tent to keep your plants in. You’ll also need bright lights and some form of ventilation, such as an air conditioning unit for your grow space. Some stores sell ready-made grow tents or grow kits to help you get started.
Outdoor growing is quite a bit easier, although you will need good, sunny weather. In addition to soil and nutrients, you’ll need plant pots or a planter. You should also buy fencing or caging to enclose your marijuana. This is legally required in some provinces.
How Long Does It Take To Grow Marijuana?
The time it takes for your marijuana plants to grow can depend on a few factors. Proper plant nutrition is key, as is prime temperature and light control in many cases. It can also depend on the type of seed and specific strain you choose to grow. Indica strains often grow faster than sativa strains, although it sometimes depends on the specific plant.
In general, it takes around 3-6 months to grow a marijuana plant to the point of harvest. While it may seem like a lengthy process, it can be a rewarding project and a cheap way to get your own marijuana.
Autoflowering seeds grow quicker than other types of seeds. Autoflowering plants can often flower within 6-8 weeks. This makes them an attractive option for those who want to try marijuana growing for themselves.
After your marijuana plants have grown, you will need to dry them out and cure them in glass jars. This can add a couple of extra weeks to the whole process. While it can seem like a long time, many marijuana lovers enjoy the process and a homegrown stash can last for a long time.
Can You Keep All The Marijuana You Grow?
Although possession laws forbid you from carrying above 30 grams of dried cannabis in public, you won’t need to worry about how much marijuana you grow at home. Providing you keep your marijuana in a safe place and ensure it is inaccessible by children, you have nothing to worry about.
This means you can grow a lot of marijuana at home. Just make sure you don’t grow any more than four live plants at a time. Some people choose to grow their own marijuana as a cost-effective way to maintain their stash.
Can You Give Away The Marijuana You Grow?
Once you have grown your own marijuana, you can give it away to friends if you wish. The law states that you can give a friend up to 30 grams of dried cannabis. However, the person you give weed to must be of legal age in your province. This means you can only give up to 30 grams of marijuana to someone aged 19 or above (18 in Quebec and Alberta).
It’s also vital to remember that you can not sell the marijuana you grow. Only licensed sellers in Canada can accept payment for marijuana. Selling marijuana without a license is a criminal offense that can result in serious punishments.
Benefits of Growing Your Own Marijuana
Some users might wonder why should you grow your own weed when it’s now widely available to buy? However, there are a few benefits to marijuana growing.
For one, it can be a very enjoyable and educational process for many marijuana enthusiasts. You can see a plant go from seed to strain over the course of a few months. You’ll also learn how to dry out and harvest your own homegrown marijuana.
Of course, the main benefit is that you will be able to reap the rewards. Growing your own marijuana can result in a large home stash of your favorite strain. You can grow up to four plants at a time and many can result in large yields of marijuana.
Another benefit is that it can be cost-effective. Seeds are often relatively inexpensive, and you only need four at a time. This can often work out cheaper than buying weed, although the investment in growing equipment and time investment can negate this for some.
However, those who don’t feel like going through the growing process can always just buy weed online. It’s now easier than ever to get your hands on weed in Canada, with online delivery available in all provinces and territories.
Should I Grow Indoors or Outdoors?
When it comes to Canada marijuana growing, you have a choice between indoors or outdoors. Both have their pros and cons and which one is best for you can depend on a number of factors.
Outdoor growing is generally a lot easier. You spend less on equipment as you can simply plant in the open air. You’ll still need some plant pots and nutrients, but it’s a very affordable way to go about growing marijuana.
With that said, outdoor growing usually requires good weather conditions. Variables such as bad weather and animals can often interfere.
Indoor growing gives you much more control over your marijuana plants. With an indoor grow box or grow tent, you can control the temperature and lighting. This makes it very easy to stimulate fast growth of plants.
However, indoor growing will require more expenditure on the right equipment. You’ll want high-quality lighting and temperature control if you want the best possible growing. With that said, you can use growing equipment many times over and create a lot of high-quality cannabis if you learn the ropes.
Canada marijuana growing is now legal in many parts of the country. Providing you’re of legal age and you don’t live in Quebec, Manitoba or certain parts of Nunavut, you will be able to grow up to four plants at a time. You can keep as much of your homegrown marijuana as you want, but keep it safe and out of reach of children.
The growing stage can be long and tedious at times, but many find it to be a rewarding process. Whether you grow indoors or outdoors, remember to keep your plants out of public sight and out of reach of children. Providing you stick to these growing laws, you should have no problem growing and enjoying your own marijuana.